All praises are due to Allah. May the peace and blessing of Allah be upon Muhammad, his household, companions and all believers till the last day.
The sunnah is to observe four rakats after solatul jum’ah and this could be found in sahih muslim thus:
Abu Huraira reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: When any one of you observes the Jumu’a prayer (two obligatory rak’ahs in congregation), he should observe four (rak’ahs) afterwards. (Muslim)
Suhail reported on the authority of Abu Huraira that the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) said: When you observe prayer after (the two obligatory raklabs) of Jumu’a, you should observe four rak’ahs (and ‘Amr in his narration has made this addition that Ibn Idris said this on the authority of Suhail): And if you are in a hurry on account of something, you should observe two rak’ahs in the mosque and two when you return (to your house). (Muslim)
It is equally permissible to observe two rakahs even though the four rakahs is more emphatic.
‘Abdullah b. ‘Umar, while describing the Nafl prayer of the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him), said: He did not observe (Nafl) prayer after Jumu’a till he went back and observed two rak’ahs in his house. (Muslim)
It is permissible to do the nafilah at home after jum’ah or in the mosque after the jum’ah prayer. But if it is after the jum’ah prayer in the mosque, then one should distinguish between obligatory prayer of jum’ah and the nafilah.
Allah knows best
Imam Sherifdeen Ibrahim
Naibul Amir Cultural Affairs
The Muslim Congress National Headquarters